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The origins of astrology

History of astrology

First, where does the term "astrology"?
The term "astrology" comes from the Greek astron, wich means star and logos, which literally means speech. Astrology therefore etymologically means the speech of stars.

The objective in the history of astrology is to help you to discover the great periods of the construction of this discipline. Astrology has always been and remains about controversy and criticism including philosophers, theologians and scientists who regard it as a pseudoscience, so a discipline that does not meet all the scientific process as falsifiability.

Through the centuries and in many debates, astrology was sometimes condemned, integrated in power or even prohibited. The least we can say is that it does not arouse indifference whether you are for or against. Astrology is a set of belief systems based on the interpretation of celestial phenomena held to obtain interpretations and predictions of human events, collective or individual. It uses the celestial positions to establish birth charts, but also uses a significant amount of intuition.

Today we can say that astrology is divided into three main branches:
- A branch which considers the individual as he approached his Horoscope,
- A branch which is currently the best known and for horoscopes,
- A branch dedicated to the prediction of major events around the world as the evolution of the exchange or natural disasters.

In antiquity In ancient Egypt The first horoscopes
In Rome In ancient Greece

In antiquity (from -3500 to -200 BC.)

It is very difficult to know exactly when astrology was born, but we can nevertheless say that the first traces back to the 4th millennium BC. At that time, the cities of Chaldea and Assyria had observatories where the priests were observing the Sun, Moon and the stars moving. It is Sargon of Akkad also says Sargon (-2334 to -2279 BC.), founder of the Akkadian empire and king Agade, who has written a synthesis of all the astrological science at this time. This synthesis is known to tablets of Sargon of Akkad. These tablets, numbering 70, made it possible to predict solar and lunar eclipses. We now know that these calculations were accurate within a few minutes. It was during this period that describes the 12 zodiac signs that we know today and the first individual birth charts.

In ancient Egypt (From -3150 to -31 BC.)

Egyptians predicted the coming of the Nile floods by observing the star Sirius or Sopdet (or Sopdit) rise. When Sirius was rising in the sky, they knew that a new annual cycle began. In Egypt, Sirius is visible in the sky that part of the year, and they knew that the appearance of Sirius in the sky coincided with the Nile flood season. Science and religion were not opposed at that time. Egypt was the first civilization to develop a calendar year by cutting 12 months and 360 days. The party celebrating the new year corresponded to the day of the annual Nile flood, and each month was under the influence of a God who characterized it. The year was divided into 12 months and each month was divided in turn into three periods of 10 days, the ancestors of decanates still used in contemporary popular astrology.

Astrology is going to take a decisive turn with the arrival of Alexander the Great (-322 356A-BC.) founded the city of Alexandria. It is surrounded by many scientists and philosophers whose Babylonian priest-astrologer Berosus (-330 to -322 BC.), Priest of the god Marduk, the Babylonian equivalent of Jupiter, who will settle on the island of Kos in the Aegean. He taught astrology to the Greeks and founded a school of astrology in Kos. Astrology is used by many Greeks such as Plato, Thales and Pythagoras. It is important to note that at this time, astrology was considered a science in itself synonymous with astronomy.

In Mesopotamia, Babylon around 1700 BC., astrology had been with the State with Mesopotamian scholars who observed the sky and made their reports to the king. These comments were written on wax tablets and papyrus.

The first horoscopes are from the late fifth century BC.

For the Chinese during this period, there was total harmony in the sky, Earth and man, and it would ensure the smooth running of the established order, between life and death, which result from the two fundamental principles of Yin and Yang. Very early in China, to 2350 BC. were established schedules in which the Chinese year was divided into 12 lunar months and a very long time there was an astrology based on the principle of "eight trigrams", symbols compounds of continuous or discontinuous straight lines that reflected the opposing principles of Yin and Yang, Yang is masculine, active, solar, and daytime and Yin is rather feminine, passive, lunar night and sometimes destructive.

The Yin and Yang were associated with five elements, wood, fire, metal, water and earth are themselves related to the twelve animals of the zodiac Rat (Aries), Ox (Bull), Tiger (Gemini), Rabbit (Cancer), Dragon (Lion), the Serpent (Virgin), Horse (Libra), the Sheep (Scorpio), Monkey (Sagittarius), Hen (Capricorn ), Dog (Aquarius), the Pig (Pisces). These three principles ensured the harmony of the cosmos and formed the basis of Chinese Astrology.

Every Chinese at birth, therefore had a kind of "card astral" consists of 8 trigrams, for 2 years, 2 months for , for 2 days and 2 for double time when he was born, and to interpret Chinese astrologers should take into account a large number of combinations. Chinese astrology also treats the birth time that for every two hours and two people born at 9:00, for example at 10:55 or have strictly the same theme. Clearly, the 24-hour day is divided into 12 slices of two hours.

In Rome (from -753 BC to AD 476. BC)

The Romans also became interested in astrology when they had contacts with Greece, but unlike the Egyptians and the Chinese, they were more interested in politics and war, and little by science. Its use also extended to the decisions of everyday life. Around 188 BC. and the defeat of Antiochus III (-242A -187 BC.), King of Syria, hundreds of nomads flock to Rome. Among these nomads, there were many fortune tellers and horoscopes. This period saw the growing reputation of a famous astrologer remained, Manilius around the year 10 BC. dedicated his didactic poem in five books on ancient astronomy and astrology: the Astronomical (Astronomica in Latin) to the Emperor Augustus.

However, this will not last long, as in 13 BC, Tiberius (-42 to 37 AD.) issued an edict forbidding Roman soil to astrologers and consultations astrological because he said "they exploited the credulity of the people". However, this edict was not followed by all, as many wealthy Romans took slaves and astrologers under their protection.

The improvement will come with the arrival of Posidonius of Apamea (-135 to 51 AD.), who taught in Rome and who had the illustrious students like Caesar and Cicero. At that time, astrology grows, horoscopes were widely disseminated, although doubts remained due to the imperfection of the Roman calendar. Under Nero (AD 37 to 68), astrology will reach its maximum influence due to the decay of morals.

Discussions ensued, including some members of the academy became critics of Astrology, using arguments that we hear even today, as "individuals born at the same time or in one place have the same horoscope and yet they often have completely different destinies". Thus, during the Roman Empire, astrology is sometimes rejected or banned, sometimes encouraged in order to serve the power.

In ancient Greece (-1200 to 146 AD.)

The Greek astrology was born Oriental astral science, philosophy, Greek and Egyptian thought and forms the basis of the Modern Astrology. Astrology Greek was composed of three main factors: the planets, the zodiac, the circle of 12 houses. The birth of the first individual birth charts come from this period.

Claudius Ptolemy (90-168) mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, geographer and musician who lived most of his life in Alexandria, described the Astrolabe continued to work Hipparchus, an instrument that yielded a representation of the motion of stars in the sky. He wrote the Almagest 147-148, book on his research in astrology which made it as one of the fathers of modern Astrology. These works include his calculations on the motion of planets and maps of the Earth.


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